In the Old Latin period the letter G was simply added to as a variation of letter C and to differentiate the voice /g/ from /k/.
Freedman Spurius Carvilius Ruga is known to be the originator of the letter G, adding the letter to the Roman alphabet during the 3rd century BC. As per Ruga’s position of G, show how the alphabetical order to respective letter’s value in the greek numeric system was still a concern to people in the 3rd century.
Typographic variants of the letter G
The lowercase G in modern English has two variants, famously known as the single-storey ‘g’ and the double-storey ‘g’.The single-storey and double-storey forms are also known as the opentail and looptail respectively. Even though the two forms don’t differ in meaning, they’re sometimes used to provide contrast. As per the International Phonetic Alphabet, the single-storey ⟨ɡ⟩ is a representative of voiced velar plosive, vehicle the double-storey ⟨⟩ is a represented voiced velar fricative from 1895 to 1900. The small stroke used in the double-storey ⟨⟩ is also known as the “ear due to its orb shape. Despite having a clear origin story, the native english speaker still have little to no knowledge about the looptail () and oftentimes fail to write the same correctly.
Uses of letter G
Letter G is famously used as a movie rating by the Motion Picture Association of America, making it a common knowledge that the movie can be viewed by the general audience.
Another form of art that uses the letter is music, in which the letter is used to represent a note.
Apart from art the letter has found its way into fields of study like physics and mathematics. In Physics the lowercase G represents gluon, whereas the uppercase G represents the not yet discovered Graviton.
Lowercase G is also used as a symbol for gram and uppercase G is used in place of ‘thousand’.