The word tribes is used to describe a type of human social group in a variety of contexts. The concept is most often used in the field of anthropology. The description is disputed, in part because of different theoretical understandings of social and kinship systems, and in part because of the difficulty of applying this term to such a wide range of human societies. Anthropologists also compare it to other social and kinship classes, noting that it is hierarchically larger than a lineage or clan but smaller than a chiefdom, nation, or state. These words are also debatable. Tribes may have legal recognition and some political autonomy from the national or federal government in some cases, but this legalistic meaning of the word may clash with anthropological definitions
Thousands of tribal people live on the planet, many of whom have had their homelands destroyed (for example, Native American Indians), and many of whom are still threatened with having their homelands destroyed or evicted from.
their native land This is a major issue for society as a whole.
We’ll now go through several case studies, most of which are based on Survival International data (Survival International is a non-profit dedicated to protecting and conserving tribal lands for indigenous communities).
The Awá of Brazil are the country’s last nomadic tribe, living in the Eastern Amazon’s forests (www.survival-international.org/awa). These forests, like most of South America’s tropical forests, are in danger of disappearing.
logging corporations and massive agricultural conglomerates are destroying the Awá’s native homeland at an unprecedented rate; as a result, the Awá’s nomadic lifestyle is endangered, and the Awá themselves may be wiped out entirely.
Following the European invasions of Brazil, the Awá adopted a nomadic lifestyle, and in recent years, they have begun to live in villages built specifically for them by the Brazilian government to shield them from the second wave of the devastation inflicted by European invaders.
Attacks on the Awá by Western ranchers and settlers are well known, and many of the remaining Awá are massacre survivors who have been seriously traumatized by their experiences.