Swords transparent png download are personal combat weapons with a blade with a sharp point and one or two cutting edges, mounted in a hilt with a handle protected by a metal case or cross guard. At the dawn of the Bronze Age, the sword may have evolved from the dagger. The sword did not become an effective weapon until the introduction of the more durable iron sword in the early Iron Age. Swords used by the Greeks and Romans were very short, had pointed ends, and had two cutting edges. Knights in the Middle Ages used two types of swords: a one-handed short sword with a pointed end and a two-handed heavy sword with a rounded end.
The best blades during the Middle Ages were made by Arabs in Damascus and Toledo. Swords were widely used throughout the Middle East, East Asia, and Europe. The scimitar is a curved steel sword used by the Persians and Arabs. The Japanese samurai sword, which consists of a curved single-edged tempered steel blade set in a long handle, is one of the most well-known East Asian swords.
The sword gained symbolic significance as a highly personal weapon; surrendering one’s sword became a sign of submission, and the practice of taking an officer’s sword away from him and breaking the blade when he was dismissed from the service in disgrace arose because a sword is the mark of an officer and a gentleman. Because of its shape, the sword was frequently used to symbolize the Cross during the Crusades and later. The sword is no longer used as a weapon, but it is still carried in some military units for display purposes during peacetime. The rapier, épée, and saber are three different types of swords.
For close combat, a thrust and slash weapon. A blade (usually straight and sharp on both sides) and a hilt with a crosspiece and pommel make up a sword.
Blades made of bone bases into which flint pieces were inserted were the forerunners of the sword; Neolithic blades have been discovered in the Baikal region. From the mid-second millennium B.C., the bronze sword was widely used in Mesopotamia, the Transcaucasus, and Western Europe. Thrusting and slashing swords were the two types of metal swords used in ancient times. Combination thrusting-slashing swords first appeared in the last third of the second millennium B.C.
Iron swords from the beginning of the first millennium B.C. resembled bronze swords in appearance. Long iron swords (sometimes with bronze hilts) were used in Europe, the Transcaucasus, and the Middle East in the first millennium B.C. The Scythians wielded a short sword known as an akinak. Long slashing swords were used by infantry and heavy cavalry in Europe during the second millennium B.C.
The ancient Romans used a short broadsword called a gladius for infantry combat and a long slashing sword called a spatha for cavalry combat (third century B.C.-third century A.D.). The oldest swords in Russia date from the ninth century and were used until the 16th century, when they were replaced by the saber. The first Russian thrust swords appeared in the 13th century.