Osama bin Laden transparent png download, the leader of al Qaeda, was killed by American soldiers outside Islamabad, Pakistan, on May 1, 2011. Bin Laden is suspected of being involved in a number of devastating terrorist assaults, including the 1998 bombings of the US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania and the September 11, 2001 attacks on the Pentagon and the World Trade Center, according to intelligence sources. For more than a decade, he had been on the FBI’s “most wanted” list.
In 1957 or 1958, Osama bin Laden was born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. He was the 17th of 52 children born to Mohammed bin Laden, a Yemeni immigrant who headed the Saudi kingdom’s largest construction firm. Osama bin Laden grew raised in a wealthy, sheltered environment. His siblings received a Western education and went to work for his father’s company (by then an immense corporation that marketed consumer goods such as Volkswagen automobiles and Snapple beverages across the Middle East), but Osama bin Laden stayed close to home. He went to Jiddah University, married young, and joined the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood, like many Saudi men.
Islam was more than a religion to bin Laden: it formed his political convictions and informed his every decision. He became a devotee of extreme pan-Islamist thinker, Abdullah Azzam, while at college in the late 1970s, who believed that all Muslims should rise up in jihad, or holy war, to form a single Islamic state. This idea appealed to the youthful bin Laden, who despised the rising Western influence on Middle Eastern life.
Soviet troops invaded Afghanistan in 1979, prompting Azzam and bin Laden to move to Peshawar, Pakistan, on the Afghan border, to join the fight. They did not join the mujahideen as warriors, but they exploited their wide networks to secure financial and moral support for them (the Afghan rebels). They also enlisted the help of young men from all around the Middle East to join the Afghan jihad.
Their organization, the Maktab al-Khidamat (MAK), acted as a global recruitment network, with offices as far away as Brooklyn and Tucson, Arizona, and offered training and supplies to migrant fighters known as “Afghan Arabs.” Most importantly, it demonstrated to bin Laden and his associates that pan-Islamism could be implemented.