Charlie Chaplin was an English comedian, film director, and composer who rose to prominence during the silent film period. He is best known for his role as “the tramp” on television. Chaplin, who was born in London on April 16, 1889, is regarded as one of the most influential figures in the film industry’s history. Before his death in 1977, he had been a prolific and innovative filmmaker for nearly 75 years.
Chaplin grew up in a poor and difficult environment. Before the age of nine, he was sent to a workhouse twice. When his father was away, his mother suffered financially. His mother was committed to a mental institution when he was 14 years old.
At the age of 19, Chaplin began performing as a stage actor and comedian in music halls. He moved to the United States, where he was scouted for the film industry, and started acting for Keystone Studios in 1914. He quickly established the Tramp persona and amassed a sizable following. Chaplin began directing his own films at a young age and proceeded to improve his craft. He was one of the most well-known figures in the film industry by 1918.
Most of Chaplin’s films he wrote, directed, made, filmed, starred in, and composed the music for. He was a perfectionist, and his wealth enabled him to devote years to the creation and production of a film.
The 1940s were a tumultuous decade for Chaplin, and his success dwindled quickly. His participation in a paternity suit and marriages to far younger women sparked controversy, and he was accused of communist sympathies. Chaplin was forced to flee the United States and settle in Switzerland after an FBI investigation was launched.
In later films, such as Monsieur Verdoux (1947), Limelight (1952), A King in New York (1957), and A Countess from Hong Kong (1957), Charlie Chaplin abandoned the Tramp (1967). Chaplin received an Honorary Academy Award in 1972 as part of a renewed appreciation for his work: