The barcode was invented around 60 years ago. The width of the numbers, ranging from black to blank, organized according to some encoding rules used to convey a collection of graphic identifier information is referred to as a barcode (Data ID, 2003). This incredible technology has proven to be extremely durable. The impacts and contributions to commerce and society have been enormous up to this stage. The aim of this report is to provide background information on barcodes, discuss concepts from a theoretical standpoint, and then critically analyze and evaluate them.
According to the patent documentation, in 1949, Norm Woodland and Bernard Silver invented a complete set of barcode symbols (Online Barcode Tutorial, 2005). Prior to that, no barcode technology had been recorded and put into practice. Bernard Silver had only graduated from Drexel Institute of Technology in Philadelphia at the time. The owner of a local food chain store, according to Bellis (2009), asked the Drexel Institute to investigate a system for automatically reading details about products such as price and date during checkout. Bernard Silver collaborated with Woodland to create an ultraviolet-sensitive ink solution as a result of this inquiry (Bar Code 1, 2009). The group created a prototype, but due to its instability and high cost, it was unable to be implemented. After Woodland and Silver’s debut, the barcode went through a long period of production.
Since its introduction, the barcode has seen a surge in popularity. It can be found on almost every store object (Bar Code 1, 2009). Barcodes are used by manufacturers to record product details. Scanning and decoding are the two key processes in barcode detection, and the rules for barcode encoding are determined by the attribute. To begin with, barcodes contain unique data such as weight, packaging, specifications, and colors of various products. Furthermore, because of the permanent existence, each product can only have one barcode, which cannot be modified even though the product is no longer made.